One of the most important aspects to a dynamic and productive society, one that is able to make progress towards a prosperous and sustainable future, is a focus on healthy child care and development. One of the most efficient paths to this end is to not only expand access to early childhood education but to improve the quality of child care programs.

What are the most critical factors that signify quality early childhood education? Which particular aspects of your child’s care program will have the most positive and lasting impact on their development?

  • The first and most important aspect of early child care is the quality of direct interactions between children and educators. Children will consistently learn more when adults in the classroom provide high-quality pedagogical opportunities. These interactions have been repeatedly associated with higher levels of literacy, improved mathematical skill, and healthier social confidence.
  • The second most important aspect of early childhood education is the relation between the number of adults and children in a classroom. According to the National Quality Framework by the Australian Children’s Education & Care Quality Authority, there are specific ratio requirements depending on the age of the child to ensure a quality education and childcare experience
Age of children Educator to child ratio Applies
Birth to 24 months 1:4 All states and territories
Over 24 months and less than 36 months 1:5 All states and territories excluding VIC
1:4 VIC
Over 36 months up to and including preschool age 1:11 ACT, NT, QLD, VIC
1:10 NSW
1:10 for centre-based services other than a preschool

1:10 for disadvantaged preschools
1:11 for preschools other than a disadvantaged preschool


2:25 for children attending a preschool program

1:10 WA
Over preschool age 1:15 NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, NSW
1:11 ACT

(or 1:10 if kindergarten children are in attendance)

  • Teacher training and continuing education is the third most important factor in successful early childhood education programs. Educators that are able to stay up to date with the field’s latest strategies and methodologies will be better prepared to cater to each child’s needs.

The implementation and persistent monitoring of these factors, particularly in education centres that cater to young children, can help lay the foundations for successful and well-adjusted adults; as such they should be at the top of your requirements when deciding on the right education programs for your children.


A worrying trend has manifested over the past decade in the form of a growing concern about the levels of quality of our children’s academic education. Many parents, across all strata of society, have come forward questioning whether the current educational system is inadequate and whether it prepares our children for the future. The sad truth is that these parents aren’t altogether wrong. Schools are a mirror to society, and a multitude of factors affect our children’s educational environment. Obvious factors like teacher’s training and vocational aptitudes are compounded by less obvious ones such as the impact that nutrition has on intellectual development and educational performance.

What role does nutrition play childhood development?

Our children’s quality of life, including their eventual integration into society as prosperous and well-adjusted individuals, is undeniably linked to nutrition. By ensuring that our children have access to sound nutritional practices from childhood, we can guarantee that they grow to be healthy individuals as well as significantly lower the risk of them developing preventable diseases such as atherosclerosis, obesity, and diabetes.

Does nutrition affect intellectual development?

There is no questioning that malnutrition radically affects school performance and childhood intellectual development. Conditions such as iron and zinc deficiencies can eventually lead to anaemia, stunted cerebral growth, impaired immune response, and even hypogonadism; all of which have been repeatedly associated with lower intellect. In fact, clinical studies have shown that malnutrition can reduce a child’s adult IQ scores by up to 15 points.

A child with a poor nutritional environment is several times more likely to be held back a grade than his better-fed contemporaries. Moreover, there is strong evidence to suggest that the earlier the child begins to benefit from nutritional programs, the higher their development will be. Therefore, it is imperative that parents seek to include these practices early and with the support of their children’s early education centres.


Worried about the best way to help get your child started with going to a child care centre? Perhaps you’re worried about separation anxiety? By following the tips below you can help to ensure that your child has a smooth experience in beginning their next chapter at Discovery Tree.

Preparing your child beforehand

Getting your child used to a daily routine is a good first step. Suddenly finding out that they can’t eat lunch until a certain time or that they must play outside at a certain time may come as quite a shock to a child which, in turn, can be upsetting. By gradually turning the days into a more routine experience, you can help prepare and train your child to begin to subconsciously plan for certain events such as a set lunch time to occur throughout the day. This will allow them to better deal with more structured environments that they will encounter both in child care and throughout daily life as they grow.

Dealing with separation anxiety

Separation anxiety is the common and normal fear that children have of being away from their parents or carers. If you’re leaving your child in a new setting – child care centre, preschool, friend’s house, babysitter – spend time at the new place with your child before the separation. Your child will be less distressed if they are left in a safe, familiar place with familiar people they trust.

Tips and tricks for a smooth transition

  • When you drop your child off, say goodbye briefly – don’t drag it out.
  • Make sure to seem relaxed and happy when you’re leaving. If you seem worried or sad, your child might think the place isn’t safe and can get upset too.
  • Make a conscious effort to foster your child’s self-esteem by complimenting them and giving them lots of positive attention.
  • No matter how frustrated you feel, avoid criticising or being negative about your child’s difficulty with separation. For example, avoid saying things like ‘Don’t be such a baby’.